About Black Hole
About Black Hole Discover clues as to how supermassive black holes were born Early supermassive black holes formed much faster than theoretically expected. This has been a concern for astronomers for years. But now a team of Italian scientists has made two observations of the early universe that appear to be among the main constituents of supermassive black holes at the time. These observations have raised great hopes for theories about the early seeds of the first super-black holes at a great distance from us.
What is a cloud of black holes?
These small images of two black hole seeds are the best evidence of direct gas cloud collapse so far
These small images of two black hole seeds are by far the best evidence of the direct collapse About Black Hole (collapse) of a gas cloud that created a black hole cloud in the early universe. The researchers made the discovery by combining data from the Chandra, Hubble and Spitzer telescopes.
These small images of two black hole seeds are by far the best evidence of the direct collapse (collapse) of a gas cloud that created a black hole cloud in the early universe. The researchers made the discovery by combining data from the Chandra, Hubble and Spitzer telescopes.
Using computer modeling and new analytical methods, the team used data from the three telescopes Chandra, Hubble and Spitzer. Both of these new discoveries are candidates for the early seeds of early supermassive black holes. Their initial mass is about one hundred thousand times the mass of our sun.
“If our discovery is confirmed, it will be a great help in explaining how these massive black holes are born,” said Fabio Capucci, head of the Scola Normale Supriore (SNS) study team in Pisa, Italy.
There are currently two main theories for explaining how supermassive black holes formed: In one (as in large stars), it is assumed that the primary seed of supermassive black holes is about ten to a hundred times larger in mass. Our sun begins to grow. Then work continues by mixing small black holes as well as extracting gases around the area, and the black hole continues to grow. In general, this process continues to grow faster than the usual rate of black hole formation. In a way, one billion years after the creation of the universe, they form black cloud clouds.
These new findings introduce a second scenario in which at least some supermassive holes with masses about 100,000 times the mass of our Sun arise directly from the collapse of massive gas clouds. With this scenario, the black hole continues to grow much faster with a quick start. There is a lot of debate about the path these black holes take, according to Andre Ferrara, a fellow at the Scola Normale Supriore (SNS) think tank. “Black holes are big from the beginning and continue to grow normally, not start small and grow at a very fast rate.”
“It is very difficult to find and confirm the first seeds of black holes,” said Andrea Grazian, a fellow at the International Institute for the Study of Astrophysics in Italy. Although we believe we have found the best two possible examples that could be candidates to unravel the mysteries of the early seeds of black holes in our research. “These are the best examples ever found.”
The team of researchers plans to continue their X-ray as well as infrared research to see if these About Black Hole two recent findings have any other characteristics expected from the original black hole seeds. Undoubtedly, future observational instruments such as NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope and Europe’s super-telescope will observe milestones in the field by observing smaller, farther black holes. Further details of this research are published in the Royal Astronomical Society’s monthly notes.
Discovery of life-building blocks in the Churyomov comet
Scientists have for the first time been able to find the building blocks of life in a cold, frozen comet. Researchers recently announced that the Choriomov 67P sequence contains life ingredients. The European Space Agency’s Rosetta spacecraft orbiting the comet has detected amino acids on its surface.
New scientific discoveries, the announcement of life in the Churyomov sequence
A photo taken by the Rosetta spacecraft of dust and ice on comet P67
These findings confirm that an ice ball and dust can form the main building block of life. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins that control emergency reactions in living cells. Scientists announced in 2009 that NASA’s Stardust spacecraft had discovered the simplest amino acid, glycine, in comet dust, but it was likely to be contaminated with Earth dust. The Rosetta spacecraft, which has been orbiting comet Choriomov 67P since 2014, has definitely seen glycine in the gaseous cloud around the comet. The probe also detected the smell of phosphorus as a combination of DNA.
Earlier, the Rosetta spacecraft had identified the compounds alcohol, sugar and oxygen that are necessary for life and cell structure. With the addition of glycine and phosphorus, all types of early life cells were found in the comet Choryomov 67P. In fact, researchers at the University of Bern in Switzerland say they have discovered all the raw materials needed for life in one place.
The discovery of glycine was not the goal of Rosetta’s mission because scientists did not About Black Hole hope to find it or thought they could find it there, but because it is frozen in the comet and not in the form of a cloud of gas that Rosetta found. Can sample it. When the Earth formed about 4.5 billion years ago, its surface was hot and hard, and organic molecules were probably evaporated before combining to form primary cells. But as the Earth’s temperature decreases, comets with molecules trapped in ice can be found to have essential nutrients for life.
Discover the blocks that make up life, discover life on the Churyomov comet
The Rosetta spacecraft’s comet contains ingredients for life
Although comets are cold, they can host the chemical reactions that make up complex molecules, say researchers at the University of Hawaii. As the comet rotates, the radiation from the sun’s heat heats the simpler chemicals in the comet’s primary molecules. By forming these materials, these molecules were trapped inside the ice. After several studies, the researchers were able to find glycine around comet P67. Laboratory stimuli over the past decade have shown how these reactions occur. But the researchers found in these experiments that such molecules could form on comets.
Researchers have recently observed the chemical effect of phosphorus-oxygen molecules in the star-forming region, suggesting that simple strands of DNA float in the flow of new solar systems. But scientists hope that the Rosetta spacecraft will be able to find the “nucleotides” that make up the building blocks of DNA in this comet. Rosetta is currently just 5 km to the inner surface of the comet, inside a dense cloud of molecules. About Black Hole Analyzing the data collected from this circuit can reveal new compounds for life formation.