Architect of political thought

Architect of political thought


Architect of political thought

Architect of political thought Plato, the first architect of political thought Plato was the first architect of political thought Most of the authoritative academic and intellectual centers of the world today more or less agree that among the great thinkers of world history, five have a special importance and place in shaping the current thought and knowledge of the world. Aristotle is at the top of them, followed by Plato, who was his teacher. The next three great thinkers are Kant, Nietzsche and Wittgenstein.

Plato was 29 years old when Socrates took the cup of poison. Plato was for a long time a disciple of Socrates and followed the course of the Master’s trial with great sensitivity and impression. The condemnation of Socrates as a thinker and the oldest citizen of Athens by the 500-member jury (despite much disagreement among them) had a profound effect on Plato’s philosophical inference. Plato’s first work was called The Architect of political thought Defense of Socrates. After the tragic death of his master, Plato moved his center of philosophical and educational activities, called the Academy, out of Athens. The word academy spread around the world after Plato and under his influence, and even today it refers to scientific and academic centers. Plato takes the word academy from the name Academus, one of the most prominent heroes and warriors of ancient Greece. The most important sciences that were taught in the academy, or to be more precise, discussed, tested and practiced, were philosophy, mathematics and physical exercises. Thus Plato explored new areas for discussion, and for this reason the first seeds of thought in various sciences such as education, political science, and government theory, logic, views on women, philosophy, knowledge, and the psyche. Man was founded by Plato. But the most important educational subject of the academy was philosophy, which in Greek means the love of knowledge and wisdom.

Plato came to believe

Plato came to believe deeply after the cruel condemnation of his master Socrates of the illegitimacy of violence. The doctrine of nonviolence in political and social life played a key role in Plato’s mentality and thought, and with this understanding in his long life considered various areas of thought and cognition. To find the answer to how man lived, Plato discussed and pondered all aspects of anthropology and ethics, including the political system and justice, with his students at philosophical academies. But it must be emphasized that the central question that occupied Plato for many years was that in a universe where all beings, animals, objects, and nature are changing and “escaping,” is there anything that is inextricable, immortal, and changeable? Is it impossible? In response to this question, Plato declared that all that exists in nature is “volatile” and does not have fundamental immutable properties. According to him, everything in the human Architect of political thought eye changes over time. So everything is based on a “form” that is eternal and time-independent. Plato believed that, for example, the primitive parts used to create a living being as an example of a horse could not, on its own, be able to create a horse without a complete pattern and thought. So, there must be such a great power in a place that can build all the horses, without mistake, and that force or that thing is the same that does not involve change itself. Such a force is not “fleeing” but eternal.

Continuation of this method led Plato to the conclusion that what is immortal and immutable is nothing but the human mind. Therefore, the human mind has a special place in Plato’s thought. It was from this point of view that Plato arrived at the “perfect idea” which is beyond the universe. Continuing the chain of these arguments, Plato finally came to believe that what we see in nature lacks an objective reality and is only a reflection and a small part of it is a “perfect idea.”

Plato was very interested in mathematics. Because the result of a mathematical operation does not change no matter how many times it is repeated, it is therefore called “the most reliable knowledge.” But in general, Plato was very skeptical about human knowledge and attainment of true knowledge, and believed that what the human mind understood was not very certain.

Plato’s anthropology is based on the division of the organs of the body into three parts: the head (the manifestation of reason and thought), the chest (the manifestation of will) and the lower body (the manifestation of desire). Each of these three parts also expresses a human ideal. For example, the intellect must be in search of the ideal of knowledge and intelligence. The “will” must be in search of the ideal of courage. “Desire” must be in search of the ideal of restraint and human resistance to desires. If all three of these ideals are pursued by man, it leads to the existence of a moderate man. Therefore, human harmony and balance is very important for Plato and he achieves it by paying attention to all three properties of the organs of the body mentioned above.

Plato’s theory of government is also a continuation of his thinking and perception of man. The “head of society” whose government is the embodiment of reason and the symbol of the best elites of society. The “chest of society” includes its rulers and law enforcement. And the “lower body of society” includes soldiers and peasants.
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Plato’s theory of government is in harmony with his other philosophical theories, anthropology Architect of political thought and ontology. Therefore, Plato is the first theorist to find a rational harmony and real coherence and balance between all the pillars of his beliefs and perceptions. Hence, the position of rationalists and philosophers in government is the most important element of his “theory of government”.

Plato believes

Plato believes that most ordinary people are simple-minded, easy-going, comfortable, and incapable of discovering the truth, and that only a few are allowed to intervene after a very long period of spiritual, intellectual, and physical education at the age of fifty. The difficult thing is to lead, govern and guide people to happiness. Knowledge and ethics, which only a handful of elites can afford, are the most important guarantee against Architect of political thought important dangers such as incompetence, perversion and government corruption. In his utopia, Plato puts an ideal social order before humanity, the two main pillars of which are justice and the rule of the elite.

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