Biography of James Watson
Biography of James Watson Biography of James Watson Meet James Watson, Biography of James Watson James Dewey Watson (born April 6, 1928 in Chicago, Illinois) is an American molecular biologist, biophysicist, zoologist, and geneticist.
He played an important role in discovering the molecular structure of DNA, along with Biography of James Watson Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins, and Rosalind Franklin. A substance that is the basis for the transmission of hereditary and genetic information in living organisms to future generations. Watson received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1962 along with two other scientists.
James Watson entered the University of Chicago at the age of 15. In 1946, he stumbled upon Erwin Schrینdinger’s famous book What is Life, which changed his life and changed his field from ornithology to genetics. Watson received his bachelor’s degree in zoology in 1947. He then went to Indiana University to pursue a degree in genetics, and in 1950 received his doctorate from that university.
Dr. Watson’s most important scientific achievement is the discovery of the structure of DNA. DNA or deoxyribonucleic acid is a nucleic acid that has genetic instructions that are used for the biological function and development of living organisms and viruses. The formation of living organisms is related to this complex molecule. The main role of this molecule is to store genetic information. The genetic messages in the DNA molecule are eventually used for things like making proteins and RNA molecules.
The pieces of DNA that carry genetic messages are called genes, but DNA has other sequences that are used to make the DNA itself or to regulate the use of genetic information in the gene. Take.
James Watson, Biography of James Watson
Discovery of DNA structure is one of the most important scientific achievements
In the spring of 1951, he traveled with Calker to the Naples Zoological Institute, where he Biography of James Watson met Maurice Wilkins at a scientific symposium, where he first became acquainted with the X-ray refraction pattern in DNA crystals. Under its influence, he focused the main focus of his research on the chemical structure of nucleic acids and proteins, and in this regard, he chose the equipped laboratory of Cavendish College as the head of his scientific research.
Shortly afterwards, Watson met another scientist, Francis Crick, who, ironically, was also keen to discover the structure of DNA. Thus began their collaboration, and after some time, based on experimental evidence as well as numerous experiments to study the chain structure of polynucleotides, they were able to find the original structure of DNA, which was not successful as a first step. But the second attempt by these two scientists, which was increasingly based on empirical evidence, was able to attract the attention of contemporary scientists, who reported on the helical structure of DNA.
The story was that Watson, 24, of Chicago, and Creek, 36, of Northampton, England, came out of the Cavendish University in Cambridge with a cheerful spirit and negotiated with great excitement. Another time Ian students were asked what the issue was, Creek used a number of words and phrases: “We discovered the livelihood.”
At the end of that day in 1953, two unknown scientists had discovered a double-stranded form of our own dovoxy ribonucleic acid, or DNA, inside which helixes contained many secrets, such as heredity, disease, old age, and in humans, intelligence and memory. Also lies. Of course, none of those students thought they could win the 1962 Nobel Prize together with Maurice Vikings.
At the same time, Watson conducted several experiments on the structure of TMVs using X-ray failure techniques to determine whether their chemical structure was also helical or not. Much research has shown that the virus also has a helical structure.
Watson worked for two years at the California Institute of Technology from 1953 as the College Biology Research Officer, and along with Alexander Witch did extensive research on RNA theorems. He then turned to Cavendish and, during his one year in office, published several scholarly articles on the general principles of virus structure.
It was not until early 1956 that Watson was elected to the faculty of Harvard University’s Biography of James Watson School of Biology, where he became a professor within three years. During this time he devoted all his time and grief to finding the role of RNA in protein synthesis.
In 1953, Dr. Watson and Francis Crick discovered the structure of the DNA molecule to revolutionize biology. He was awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Medicine for his discovery and research into the function of this molecule in living organisms.
Dr. Watson conducted research and teaching at Harvard University’s Department of Biology from 1956 to 1976. He is one of the people who helped a lot in launching the famous human genome project, which was a mapping and sequencing project of the whole human genome. This project is one of the largest genetic projects in history.
James Watson Nobel Prize, James Watson Discoveries
It has helped a lot in launching the famous human genome project
Watson took part in various political protests during his time as a professor at Harvard.
Vietnam War: Along with 12 faculty members from the School of Biochemical and Molecular Biology, including another Nobel laureate, it issued a resolution calling for the immediate withdrawal of US troops from Vietnam.
Nuclear weapons proliferation and environmentalism: He, along with more than 2,000 scientists and engineers in 1975, the anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, opposed nuclear proliferation due to the lack of a final solution to nuclear waste and the inadequate security process against plutonium theft. Produced and the consequence of endangering American freedom and international security, wrote a letter to President Ford.
“I became an opponent of the left because they do not like genetics, because genetics confirm that sometimes we fail in our lives because we have bad genes,” Watson said in 2007. “They want to attribute all the failures in life to an evil system.”
Nobel Prize sale
James Watson has been researching all his life. He has been facing financial difficulties and Biography of James Watson declining incomes since 2007 and was unable to pay for some of his research work, so in 2014 he decided to bid his Nobel medal for sale. Dr. Watson’s Nobel medal was sold for $ 4.1 million, but the buyer returned the medal immediately. The decision is said to be linked to a drop in Watson’s income after his racist remarks in 2007.
James Watson has won many honors during his scientific career, including the John Colin Warren Prize and the Ellie Lilly Prize in Biochemistry (except for the Nobel Prize mentioned). He never married and always spent his free time walking and watching birds.