Biography of Marie Curie
Biography of Marie Curie Marie Curie, Marie Curie Biography, Marie Curie Biography, Marie Curie Story Marie Curie was born Maria Skلوo Dowska in Warsaw, Poland, in 1867. She moved to Paris at the age of 19 to study chemistry. There he met a young French physicist named Pierre Curie, and this acquaintance led to his marriage.
Marie Curie was born Maria Skلوo Dowska in Warsaw, Poland, in 1867. Biography of Marie Curie She moved to Paris at the age of 19 to study chemistry. There he met a young French physicist named Pierre Curie, and this acquaintance led to his marriage. He assisted Pierre Curie in his practical experiments with electricity when he began working in 1895 in a small wooden warehouse where his laboratory knew nothing about the chemical element radium. Of course, a fellow French physicist, Henri Becquerel, a Parisian researcher at the time, recognized that the chemical element uranium emitted invisible beams of radiation. He accidentally saw a small piece of uranium metal on a screen of light film. Wrapped in black paper. The next morning he noticed that the film screen had turned black just as if it had been seen. It was obvious that the uranium element had emitted rays that had passed through the black paper and affected the film screen. . Beckrel repeated the process again with a mineral called (Pitch-blende), which is a hard, black gypsum from which uranium is obtained – this time the effect that the stone had on the film screen was even stronger than before. So there must have been another radioactive element in the rock besides the element uranium. He hypothesized to the blind family who were friends with him. They also found it a mystery what rare rays were in objects. That ordinary light rays did not pass through them, penetrated and passed through them?
Pierre Curie was teaching physics at the time, but he used all his free time to help his wife with her experiments. The dean of the physics school provided them with a battered storage room next to the schoolyard. It was that they could get it for free and so they accepted it. The next step was to get the black ore. If they wanted to buy it, it would have been too expensive. They were looking for something new. They found the garbage exactly what they needed. Marie and Pierre Curie dumped the dirty masses in large pots with a shovel, mixed them with chemicals, and heated them on an old cast iron stove. They gave. The thick, suffocating black smoke coming from the cauldrons almost suffocated them and brought tears to their eyes. (According to the laboratory notes of Marie and Corrie Corpus, it is clear that the two had been studying Beckler or uranium since December 16, 1897. At first, Marie did only this work, but from February 5, 1898, Pierre also He joined Pierre in measuring and examining the results of their payments. The two men mainly measured the intensity of the rays of different minerals and salts of uranium and metallic uranium. As a result of their extensive experience, uranium compounds had the least radioactivity. The metal was larger than them, and the uranium mineral known as Psebland had the highest radioactivity. On April 14, the Corys, in collaboration with French chemist Lemon, reportedly searched for the unknown element.
The precious result of this arduous work was only a few drops of the substance which they kept in laboratory tubes. As a result of this arduous work, in the first winter, Marie Curie contracted a kind of infection and pneumonia. After recovering, he resumed cooking in pots in the laboratory. The following year, his first daughter, Irene, was born. Pierre and Marie Curie were able to publish in July of that year that Pitch-blende Biography of Marie Curie In addition to the element uranium, it contains two other radioactive elements. The first element, called the birthplace and upbringing of Marie Curie, who was from Poland, was called Polonium, and the second element, which was very important, was called Radium. Which was inspired by the Latin word radius meaning beam. On December 26, 1898, members of the Paris Academy of Sciences were informed of a report entitled “On the highly radioactive substance present in the background,” and this is the date of Radium’s birth. The emergence of radium among natural radioactive elements proved almost immediately that it is the most suitable radioactive element for many things. It soon became apparent that radium has a relatively long half-life (1600 years). The discovery of radium is one of the fundamental achievements of science. It led to fundamental changes in human knowledge about the properties and construction of matter, and led to the recognition and acquisition of atomic energy. The Corey family and Beckrel made the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics for their subsequent grueling discovery. And thus were able to repay the loans they had taken for their long research work.
Pierre Curie died in a car accident in 1906 at the age of 47. Madame Curry continued her studies after the death of her husband and in 1910 succeeded in producing pure radium. At that time she became a professor at the Sorbonne and a member of the Academy of Medicine. Barry won the Nobel Prize (Marie Curie is the only person to win the prestigious prize again, except for Linus Pauling (winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1962). Corey died on July 4, 1934, twenty-eight years after her husband died at the age of 67.
The fact that radium rays can destroy living tissue was identified as the most important achievement in the discovery of blinds. Physicians and medical researchers soon realized that they could kill malignant glands and tissues in cancer, as well as skin diseases and Many cancer patients who have been successfully treated and saved from death owe their life and health back to the selfless and tireless efforts and high motivation of this unique woman.
Scientific bond or unbreakable bond
In her fourth year at the University of Paris, Marie met a young scientist named Pierre Curie. This acquaintance took root and brought the two science-loving young people together. In 1895, the two scientists married and from Then Marie was called Marie Curie.
Science has a power that even our imagination can enjoy. The great scientists have said that the world is like a great book with a secret hidden in every line. People read the words of this book and are amazed, but by studying it, scientists reveal the mystery of nature.
ک Marie Curie Thesis
In order to obtain her graduation certificate, Marie Curie, with the guidance of her Biography of Marie Curie husband, researched the elements that later became known as radioactive materials.
In his research, he concluded that radiation in uranium ores is higher than in uranium itself. Therefore, he guessed the presence of unknown elements with high radiation intensity in uranium ores.
Marie’s conjecture came true after experiments, and she named the element “radium”. It soon became clear that radium could be used in industry and medicine.
A group of American engineers wanted to buy the technique of obtaining radium from young scientists, but they ignored the financial issues and published the method of obtaining radium.
Marie Curie’s ascent to the pinnacle of knowledge
In 1903, the Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded Pierre Curie the Nobel Prize. Shortly afterwards, he became a professor at the University of Paris, and Marie Curie headed the Physics Laboratory at the University of Paris. The two scientists had two daughters. It was not long before Pierre Curie was accidentally killed and Marie Curie mourned her husband.
After this unfortunate incident, at the suggestion of the university board, he taught in Biography of Marie Curie place of his wife, and until then no woman had such a scientific rank. While teaching at the university, Marie completed her research on radium and in 1911 won the second Nobel Prize. He was awarded the title of Swedish Academy of Sciences.