Einstein Biography, Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, at 11:30 a.m. local time to a Jewish family in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany, 100 km from Stuttgart. His father, Hermann Einstein, was a salesman who later started an electrochemical factory, and his mother, Pauline Ni Koch. They married in the Stuttgart-Bad Synagogue.
Albert’s father, Hermann Einstein, had a small factory for the production of electrochemical products, which he operated with the help of his brother, who was the factory’s technical director. However, he did not have complete insight into the work of transactions
Albert’s father, like many Germans, was politically opposed to the Prussian government, but he praised the new German Empire, and its general Bismarck, and General Moltke, and the old Emperor Wilhelm I. Had.
Einstein‘s mother was Palin Koch, a housewife. Before her marriage, her mother was an artist with a passion for artists, and her greatest joy in life and as a means of comforting her from the science of the times was music.
At birth, Albert’s mother was very worried because his head was so big and weird. Although, as he grew older, the size of his head gradually became less visible, it is clear from his photographs that his head was larger than his body. This feature is called “benign puberty” in people with large heads and has nothing to do with illness or cognitive problems.
Albert Einstein was never a child prodigy and it even took him a long time to talk, and that was what worried his parents so much.
Activities of Albert Einstein
Einstein Biography In the biography of Albert Einstein, you read that he was very interested in playing and started learning the violin at the age of 5, and this young genius became very interested in this instrument and continued to play it from a young age for the rest of his life. Dad.
Einstein also joined their family business, but their bankruptcy forced them to move to northern Italy, where the young Einstein wrote an article that is now known as his first scientific paper. This paper examined the nature of ether, a hypothesis based on a description of how light travels in space, which Einstein later rejected. And it is interesting to know that Albert Einstein published more than 300 scientific articles until the end of his life.
Einstein graduated from the Polytechnic University of Zurich in Switzerland in 1900 with a degree in physics teaching. He had considerable talent for theoretical physics, but his math scores were not as good. Later, as he got older, he said: “It was not clear to me as a student that the complex knowledge of the basic rules of physics was so closely tied to the complex methods of mathematics.”
While studying at the Polytechnic University in Zurich, Switzerland, Einstein met Milva, a fellow physicist, but never finished his studies. They married in 1903. Their first son was Hans Albert Einstein.
But even with a degree in physics, he could not start teaching at a university and gave up trying to pursue a doctorate. Getting a doctorate could help him find a suitable job, but in 1901 Albert became an employee of the Intellectual Property Office in Bern, Germany. It was two years later that he published his theory of relativity.
Einstein had an illegitimate daughter, Mileva Marić. (Someone he later married.) In 1902, a year before their marriage, Milwa gave birth to a daughter named Liserl, whom Einstein never met, and whose fate remained unknown.
The rest of Lisrel’s life is not yet fully understood. Michele Zackheim writes in her book The Daughter of Einstein that she died of scarlet fever in September 1903. After marrying Milwaukee, they had two sons, after the famous scientist Einstein separated from his wife due to the cold, and Einstein married his cousin Elsa.
World fame and Nobel Prize
Einstein Biography He now had to prove his theory, since Einstein’s genius lay in his mental experiments and challenged conventional science, he had to find a way to prove his theory of general relativity through experiment and observation.
Sir Frank Watson came up with a solution in 1917: measuring the apparent position of nearby stars. But this could only be done in a rare event such as a total eclipse when the moon blocks sunlight from reaching the earth. (Without a total solar eclipse, intense sunlight prevents the observation of nearby stars).
Einstein’s theory of general relativity was tested in 1919; Of course not by himself
Einstein Biography If Einstein was right, the apparent position of the stars that were close to the sun during the eclipse should have been slightly different from their actual position, because space-time had to be rippled by the sun’s gravity around it and bent the direction of starlight. کرد. As a result, the star’s position should have looked a little different.
Sir Arthur Eddington conducted the experiment during a total solar eclipse in 1919, proving Einstein’s theory and turning him into a superstar overnight.