Familiarity with disc throwing

Familiarity with disc throwing


Familiarity with disc throwing

Familiarity with disc throwing Discus throw (+ training and competition rules) Disc Throwing, Disc Throwing Tournaments, Disc Throwing Rules Disk Throw Discus throwing is one of the athletics sports that has an ancient history and today it has many fans in both the men’s and women’s sections of the Olympic Games. In the following, you will become more familiar with discus throwing tools and competition rules of this sport.
Discus throwing sport

Discus throw is one of the track and field disciplines in which throwers have to throw a device called a disc the farthest distance from their competitors. This sport has a history of about fifty thousand years.


The body of the disc must be solid or hollow and made of wood or other Familiarity with disc throwing suitable material with a metal edge in the shape of a complete circle and a disc (in the shape of a lentil). The edge of the disc should be completely round and its radius should be 6 mm. The thickness of the disk is more in the middle and should be about 44 to 46 mm.

The disc weighs 2 kg for men and has a maximum diameter of 221 and a minimum of 219 mm, and for women, it weighs 1 kg and a maximum diameter of 182 and a minimum of 180 mm. The discs must be made in such a way that they are always in balance and the two sides are symmetrical.

Disk launch area

How to throw the disc consists of a circle 2.5 meters in diameter that is made inside a cage and only with a ring of iron, which is usually painted white and shaped like a circle. The floor of the circle should be made of hard material such as cement or asphalt and should not be so smooth that the thrower slides on it. The perfectly flat bottom of the circle should be about 14 to 26 mm below the top edge of the iron ring.

Disk landing area

Disk landing area

The landing area of ​​the disc is a 40-degree cut marked with two lines or a 5 cm strip. This should be soft soil or grass to prevent the discs from breaking. To determine the segment of the landing area (40 degrees), Familiarity with disc throwing draw a side of the circle 20 meters long as one side of the segment, then draw the second side of the segment so that the distance between the two sides 20 meters from the center of the circle is 13.68 meters, and then Extend these two lines to get the complete segment or landing area of ​​the disc throw.

Disk throwing method

Disc Throwing, Disc Throwing Tournaments, Disc Throwing Rules
How to throw a disc

This method is for right-handers and left-handers can do the opposite:

Spread your legs shoulder-width apart and keep your arms straight. You can use the knee-chin-toe technique so that your left knee and toes and chin are in line. Stand inside the throwing circle and place your left foot on the outside of the circle and your right foot at a 90-degree angle to your left foot. If you consider one hour, the left foot is at 12 o’clock and the right foot is at three o’clock.

Swing in your arms to determine the length of your upper body movement. Place your right hand on the disc and your left hand as a support under the disc. Bend your fingers at the edges of the disc to the size of a fingertip to prevent it from falling. Keep your arms straight, lower your head and get ready to throw.

Move your hand to an angle of 40-50 degrees. The best angle for Familiarity with disc throwing is 45 degrees, as it creates the widest possible range for throwing the disc. When moving your hand, shake your lower torso to increase rotation. When you feel that your hands are moving enough, start throwing the disc. Be careful not to get out of the circle.

Disc throwing competitions

The order of throwing the participants is determined by drawing lots. If the number of participants is more than 8, each throw is allowed three throws, and the eight people who have achieved better results are allowed another three throws (ie a total of 6 throws).

If the number of throwers is 8 or less, each person is allowed to throw 6, because in this case, the finals are finalized, the ranking is determined by the best results of each participant.

Each launcher is allowed to launch within one minute. Prior to the start of the match, each thrower is usually allowed two training throws within the competition circle, but after the start of the competition, the athlete is not allowed and can not use the competition circle for training.

The measured distance is measured with an inflexible tape measure and read up to a scale of one centimeter. If two people draw, the second throw is better and in case of a tie, the third throw is better until the end.

In two-stage competitions, the distance is usually considered by the Technical Committee as the entry limit, and any thrower who succeeds in achieving the entry limit in one of his three allowed throws will advance to the final stage.

Disc Throwing Rules

Disc Throwing Rules

– When throwing, the thrower’s foot or any part of his body should not come into contact with the upper edge of the circle or the ground around it.

– After the throw, the athlete must leave the second half of the circle.

The disc thrown must land completely inside the sector.

The launcher must remain inside the circle until the disc is fully landed and then exit with the permission of the referee.

– It is not allowed to use gloves or tape to twist the toes or to spray any kind of material on the floor of the circle or shoes, but there is no problem in using a belt to protect the spine.

– If the launchers enter the circle according to the rules but stop it after the start of the throwing for any reason, they can put the disc inside or outside the circle and leave the back of the circle. His re-launch may Familiarity with disc throwing also be subject to a one-minute time limit.

– Every throw should be measured as much as possible.

The disc should usually be thrown from inside a special cage with a 40-degree opening.

World, Asian records

The world record for the men’s discus throw belongs to the German Jürgen Schultz at 74.08 meters (June 6, 1986, Neubrandenburg, Germany).

The world record for women’s discus throw is 76.80 meters by German Gabriele Reich (July 9, 1988, Neubrandenburg, Germany).

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