### Meet Alan Turing

**Meet Alan Turing ** Alan Turing was a British mathematician, computer scientist, logician, philosopher, bio-mathematician, and cryptographer. Turing is known as the father of modern computing and artificial intelligence, and the most important computer science award in his honor is the Turing Prize.

**Great Britain**

Alen Mathison Turing, father of modern computing and computer science, was born on June 23, 1912 in Britain. He was the second and last child of the Turing family. Turing’s surname placed him among the most famous and of British descent. His father was a member of the Indian city officials, and because his parents wanted their children to grow up in Britain, he and his older brother John were more likely to be with relatives and friends of their parents in London. This abandonment of the child at an early age had little effect on the lives of many of the middle-class generation of the time, but it later **Meet Alan Turing **emerged that Alan Turing was deeply affected by these early experiences, and he stuttered.

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Alan Turing, the scientist who changed the fate of war

**The beginning of genius**

From childhood, the signs of genius were evident in him. At the age of 14, Alan Turing was able to attend the expensive Sherbourne Public School in Dorset, but his instincts for mathematics and science did not matter to the school’s teachers because at that time the emphasis was more on classical subjects. In the same year, the school principal wrote a letter to his parents stating that “if he wants to become a scientist, he wastes his time in a public school.”

Turing, however, demonstrated his remarkable ability in his fields of interest, with complex issues in 1927 without even reading the preliminary differential calculus. In 1928 he became friends with Christopher Mercum, one of his senior year students, which ended in 1930 with Mercum’s death.

Christopher was the first to be pierced by a lone cocoon, and with his death Turing collapsed and lost his religious faith.

Alan Turing studied at King’s College University from 1931 to 1934 and was elected a member in 1935 for his paper on the central constraint.

On May 28, 1936, in his article “On Numbers Using the Enkidas Problem,” Turing refreshed **Meet Alan Turing **Kurt G del’s 1931 formulations of proof and computation constraints and replaced G گdel’s mathematical language with what he now calls the Turing machine. Can be replaced.

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In 1937, Allen published an article entitled “On Computable Numbers.”

**Turing machine**

In 1937, Allen published an article entitled “On Computable Numbers,” which, like any other unique event, could be considered the beginning of a new computer age. This article briefly describes a design of what is called the Turing machine, and it was the computer whose foundation lies at the heart of later digital computers.

This applies to all aspects of basic to modern computers, such as the ability to read, write, and erase data, a memory for storing data, a central processing unit, and meaning a program built from a set of mathematical instructions. Shaped. The device was never manufactured as described, but has been in mass production since the 1950s.

**Enigma machine**

Enigma is the name of a group of router-based electromechanical machines used to encrypt and decrypt confidential messages. This car was introduced in 1920 as a commercial product. The Nazi army produced a special model of this machine called the Wehrmacht Enigma and used it in World War II. Through the efforts of scientists and mathematicians, including Alan Turing, the Allies succeeded in deciphering the messages of the German army.

**Basic computers and Turing test**

From 1945 to 1947 he worked at the National Physics Laboratory on the design of the automatic calculation engine. On February 19, 1946, he published an article that was the first programmed computer project in the United Kingdom. Despite his success in this project, there was a delay in starting the project and he lost interest in continuing the work.

He returned to Cambridge in late 1947. While he was in Cambridge, his former project was **Meet Alan Turing **completed in his absence, and he launched his first program on May 10, 1950.

In 1948 he collaborated with the Department of Mathematics and Computing Laboratory at the University of Manchester and began working on the software of one of the world’s first computers, the Manchester Mark 11.

During this time he continued his abstract work, raising the issue of artificial intelligence and a test now called the Turing test to document thinking on machines in the 1950s. Turing begins his article with the question, “Can machines think?” He says that to answer this question, we must first have a clear definition of thought and machine; The machine in this article means the physical realization of automated computing machines (things like today’s digital computers).

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Alen Mathison Turing, father of modern computing and computer science

Turing says that talking about the definition of work thinking is futile, and therefore suggests that the main question of the article is “Can machines think?” Replace it with another question: “Can cars come out of the game of proud imitation?”

An imitation game is a game played with three participants: a man, a woman, and a third person who can be a man or a woman, and Turing refers to him as an interrogator.

The physical characteristics of the male and female participants are hidden from the interrogator and he can only ask questions and receive answers. Of course, there is a difference between the other two participants and they do not know about the interrogator’s questions and answers.

The purpose of the game for the interrogator is to determine the gender of the two participants. One participant tries to mislead him in this case and the other participant tries to help the interrogator in this diagnosis. This becomes a game of imitation.

Now Turing suggests that if a participant who wants to deceive the interrogator is replaced by a digital computer and does his or her job in such a way that the interrogator attributes the other person to the other person’s gender, that computer is out of the game of proud imitation. It comes and smart documents are justified. Of course, in today’s philosophical literature, the issue has gone from merely imitating the opposite sex of the other participant to imitating being human.

In short, according to the Turing test for intelligent documents, if a human interrogator fails to reach the computer with which he is talking and misidentifies that this is a human machine, it must be said that it is a smart machine. Turing has estimated that in about 50 years, at the beginning of the new millennium, cars will be found that have successfully passed the Turing test.

In 1948, Turing and DJ Champeron began writing a chess program that had not existed before. In 1952, due to the lack of a computer strong enough, Turing simulated a computer that took half an hour per movement. The show has seemed a bit unfocused in recent episodes, however;

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After the war, Alan Turing turned to theoretical mathematics

**Theory in practice**

After the war, Alan Turing turned to theoretical mathematics and put his skills to use at the beginning of the computer industry. Alan Turing took a position at the National Physics Laboratory and became involved in building an automated computer engine. Shortly afterwards, in 1948, he worked on the Manchester automatic machine at the University of Manchester, then worked on a computer with the largest memory in the world. Alan Turing was equally involved in the physical construction of the machines during this stage. He also used his knowledge of mathematics in the production of early **Meet Alan Turing **programming languages.

**Turing test**

Alan Turing had no doubt that computers would not only play an increasing role in the lives of future generations, but he was convinced that they would preferably reach a level of skill that they could think like humans. To measure when this would be available in the future, he invented an experiment that he briefly described in a 1950 paper entitled Computing and Genius.

This paper proposed what became known as the Turing experiment, in which a remote computer operator had to ask questions of both humans and smart computers. If the operator could not detect the zombie and machine responses, the computer would have passed the test.