Nobel laureate in medicine
Nobel laureate in medicine Why did these three win the Nobel Prize in Medicine? / Drugs that save millions of lives News, Scientific News, Nobel Prize winners After much speculation, the names of William Campbell and Satoshi Omura, as well as Yoyo To, were finally announced as the winners of the 2015 Nobel Prize in Medicine on Monday. But what did these three do that were commendable?
The 166th Nobel Prize in Medicine was jointly awarded to William C. Campbell of Ireland and Satoshi Omura of Japan for the treatment of roundworm parasitic infections, and the Chinese Yoyu To for his exploration of malaria. Their work has been able to make a difference in the lives of the people of the world and save the lives of thousands. Humans have been battling parasitic diseases for centuries, and this is still the case despite scientific advances.
Avermectin for the treatment of parasitic infections caused by roundworms
William Campbell, 85, and Satoshi Amora, 80, have developed a new drug called Nobel laureate in medicine Avermectin, the derivatives of which dramatically reduce the incidence of riverine blindness and lymphatic filariasis. It is also effective against a number of other parasitic diseases.
Satoshi Omura, a Japanese microbiologist, focused on a group of bacteria called Streptomyces; This bacterium lives in the soil and is known to produce a set of agents with antibacterial activity.
Utilizing his extensive skills in devising unique methods for large-scale cultivation as well as characterizing the bacterium, Omura succeeded in isolating new species of Streptomyces from soil samples and successfully Cultivate laboratory.
Of the thousands of different crops, he singled out about 50 that seemed to be the most promising. One of these cultures, Streptomyces avermitilis, is the source of the drug Avermectin.
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William C. Campbell, a parasitologist in the United States, obtained cultures of Streptomyces omura and tested their effectiveness.
Campbell showed that a component of one of these cultures has a great effect on controlling parasites in pets and farm animals.
This bioactive agent was purified and named Avermectin, the chemical modification Nobel laureate in medicine of which led to the production of a more effective component called Ivermectin.
After testing Ivermectin on people with parasitic infections, it was found that the drug effectively kills the parasite larvae. Parasitic worms affect the health of one third of the world’s population and cause a number of diseases, including river blindness and lymphatic filariasis.
Artemisinin, the savior of malaria patients
Yoyo Tu, 80, is the first Chinese scientist to win the Nobel Prize. A senior fellow at the Chinese Academy of Traditional Medicine, he has discovered the drug Artemisinin, which has dramatically reduced the death rate of malaria patients. Every year, billions of people are exposed to malaria, and the disease kills more than 450,000. Takes people a year.
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“You” was part of a secret drug discovery project called Project 523, launched in 1967 by Mao Zedong. He was sent to Hanian province to personally observe the effects of malaria, so he had to leave his daughter in a kindergarten.
When he returned, he realized that he was so far away from his daughter that he no longer knew her. This sacrifice and sacrifice of his life led to the discovery of a drug that kills thousands of people with malaria each year.
The winners of the 2015 Nobel Prize in Medicine were announced
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The winners of the 166th Nobel Prize in Medicine were announced
The award was given jointly to William C. Campbell of Ireland and Satoshi Omura Nobel laureate in medicine of Japan for the innovative treatment of a parasitic infection of roundworms and the Chinese Yoyo Tu for exploration for malaria.
Yoyo Tu is the first Chinese scientist to win the Nobel Prize.
Diseases caused by parasites have been affecting humanity for centuries and creating a new global problem for people. In particular, parasitic diseases have affected the world’s poorest communities and created a major barrier to the promotion of human health. Nobel laureates this year have developed therapies that have revolutionized the cure for some of the deadliest parasitic diseases.
William C. Campbell and Satoshi Omura discovered the drug Avermectin, a derivative that substantially reduced the incidence of river blindness and lymphatic filariasis and was also effective against a large number of parasitic diseases.
Yoyo Tu discovered the drug Artemisinin, which dramatically reduced the death rate of malaria patients.
Both discoveries offer powerful new tools for humanity to combat these debilitating diseases that affect the lives of millions of people each year. The consequences of these discoveries in promoting human health and reducing human suffering are immeasurable.
Last year, the prize was jointly awarded to John O’Keefe of the United States, Meybrit Moser and Edward Moser of Norway for exploring the cells that make up the location systems in the brain. The findings of these three researchers help explain the cause of Alzheimer’s patients’ inability to diagnose their surroundings.
May Britt and Edward Moser were the fifth couple to win the Nobel Prize together. May Britt was the 11th woman to win the Nobel Prize in Medicine since its inception.
To Yoyo (Yoyo To)
Tu Yoyo (1930 – present) is a Chinese chemist and educator, and he is still alive. Tu Yoyo may be the least known name on the list, but his career achievements are more than a guarantee of his place on the list. The drug chemist has saved millions of lives thanks to the discovery of artemisinin and dihydro artemisinin, both of which cure malaria. This was a significant achievement in the world of tropical medicine. Tu Yoyu is the first Nobel laureate in medicine Chinese woman to win the 2015 Nobel Prize.
The Oxford Dictionary defines science as “intellectual and practical activity involving the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment.” Science encompasses a variety of disciplines, from chemistry to physics, from biology to astronomy, these studies have not only taught us much about the world around us, but also saved countless lives through the treatment of disease and technological innovations. Has also helped.