Proxima b – In recent years, scientists have sought to find habitable planets where life can be found. NASA and other space agencies are trying to identify the planets using the latest technologies and make plans to search for life on them. So far, interesting results have been obtained and from them, we can go to the planet. Kepler noted that it had recently made headlines. But recently another planet has been identified that is closest to us and the #solar system, and it is said that living conditions there are more favorable than other planets. Is known. The planet still has many unknowns to be discovered.
Follow the planet
After years of research, scientists have finally identified a rocky planet in the Centaurus branch of Proxima, near the solar system, and according to recent research, the closest star to our sun. comes. The closest planet to us in the world where life can be hoped for is the same planet, Proxima B. According to the data, it can be expected that there is liquid water on the surface of this planet, and maybe even It can be traveled. Some say that even after Earth, it can be our second home as humans. Due to the location of this planet, scientists calculate that may be in the next century, robotic searches can begin on this planet.
Learn more about this discovery
The good news is that Proxima B is close to us. This event and the discovery of this planet is not only gratifying because it is close to us, but it is important that perhaps the long-standing human desire to find a living planet comes true. Proxima B 4.2 light-years from the system It is 266,000 times the distance from Earth to the Sun, which equals 92.96 million miles. Not only is the planet closest to us, it is also the closest to our solar system. There are many questions about this planet and we will find the answers soon. In the following, we will examine this newly known #planet further.
The most habitable planet close to the solar system
It is a rocky planet and with no terrestrial surface is by no means a gas planet. The sun of this planet is colder than our sun, and this means that liquid water is flowing on the surface of this planet, and the reason is the right temperature. Scientists say that if this planet has an atmosphere, a temperature equal to 31 to 40 degrees Celsius on Its surface is flowing and without the atmosphere, there will be a temperature of -30 to -40 degrees. Of course, if there is life on this planet, it will be completely different from what exists on Earth.
Why did the discovery of this planet take so long?
You must be wondering why scientists have not focused on this part of the world until now? It has been studied and recently all this research has been concluded. Scientists do not know much about the planet’s past and orbit.
What we do not know
Research on this planet will continue in the future and there are many questions that will need to be answered. It is not yet possible to say for sure whether the planet has an atmosphere or water. The biggest question to which science has not yet found an answer is how these planets formed and we see them today. What happened at the time of their formation? Was the sun more active than our sun at that time? In the past, millions of years ago, everything could have been different from today, so maybe the future and more research will answer us. Some also believe that it is possible. This planet is something like the planet Venus.
Towards the newly discovered planet
Scientists have been researching the alpha constellation for some time, and now they want to travel there and get new information. One of the plans to be worked on is to send a spacecraft with a telescope on it to take a closer look at the planet. Because Proxima B is located outside the solar system, it may be today. We do not have enough information, but the future will be much different. Rest assured that if new research is done on the planet in the future, you can read it at the carnival. The study, using a device called an “ESPRESSO” mounted on the Southern European Observatory (VLT) telescope, was able to measure the planet’s mass more than one-tenth of Earth’s mass. Proxima Centauri The extrasolar planet in the orbit of the red dwarf star Proxima Centauri is the closest star to the Sun. The planet is located in the constellation Centaurus. In August 2016, the Southern European Observatory announced the discovery of Proxima B. New observations suggest that the closest extrasolar planet to our solar system is even more Earth-like than previously thought. In this new study, an international team of researchers found that Proxima B, which is 4.2 light-years from Earth, is only 17 percent more massive than our planet. The star itself is about 1.3 times the mass of Earth, but new measurements show that Proxima is very similar to Earth, at least in size.
The researchers studied Proxima B using a tool called “ESPRESSO”. “Espresso” is a Swiss spectrograph currently mounted on the very large Southern European Observatory (VLT) telescope. Spectrometers observe objects and divide the resulting light into the wavelengths that make it up so that researchers can study these objects in more detail. Proxima B. was first discovered four years ago by the older Harps spectrometer. Francesco Pepe, author of the study and professor of astronomy at the University of Geneva, said: We have been very happy for the last 17 years. We are still very happy that Espresso can make better measurements, and this is the result of a team that lasted almost 10 years. Michel Mayor, a Swiss astrophysicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2019 and was instrumental in developing a new type of spectrometer called Elodie, although he had no role in the study, but in a statement “Espresso has made it possible for researchers to measure the mass of this extrasolar planet to more than a tenth of Earth’s mass, and this is something that has never existed before and is very exciting,” said Alejandro Suarez Mascareño. “Proxima B is one of the most interesting extrasolar planets known to be in the Sun’s neighborhood,” said the lead author of the study. This strange planet orbits its star Proxima Centauri, which is also the closest star to the Sun.