Red Giant

Red Giant

Solar system

Red Giant

Red Giant – The destruction of the planet means the emergence of new life in the distant parts of the solar system. In the next 5 billion years or so, the sun will run out of energy and change our solar system terribly. The oceans will dry up. Some planets will be swallowed, and icy planets will eventually benefit from the sun’s temperature and melt. Our solar power is provided by the fusion of the nucleus, and the sun converts hydrogen to helium. This happens in the form of a process that converts mass into energy. As soon as the fuel source runs out, the sun swells rapidly and terribly. Its outer layers will expand to the point where it surrounds much of the solar system. The sun will eventually become a red giant.

What will happen to the planets when the Sun enters the red giant phase?
The destruction of the solar system is still a controversial topic among scientists. How much the dying sun will swell and how conditions will change are some of the issues that are in a haze. But some things seem plausible. The slow death of the sun will destroy life on Earth but may lead to the creation of habitable planets in the coldest parts of the solar system. The Kuiper Belt will take refuge; The area beyond Neptune that contains icy space rocks. As the sun expands, the planets will suddenly experience conditions that will cause life to evolve, said southeast Research Institute astronomer Alan Stern. “Miami Beach will appear.” Let me invite you to a short trip to our solar system in the last days of the sun.

Throughout the history of the solar system, Mercury has been exposed to the scorching temperature of the sun. But even today, Mercury clings to a series of icy ice. As the sun ages, those remaining parts will evaporate, and the planet will eventually be swallowed and destroyed by the sun.

Red Giant

Venus is sometimes referred to as Earth’s twin planet because the two adjacent planets are so similar in size and composition. But Venus’ hellish surface bears little resemblance to Earth’s favorable conditions. As the sun swells, Venus’ atmosphere will disappear due to high temperatures. Then, this planet will also suffer the fate of Mercury and will be the prey of the sun.

the earth
Although there are still 5 billion years left until the end of the solar fuel, life on Earth will probably be destroyed much sooner than that event. Because the sun is already shining brighter. According to some estimates, over the next billion years, solar radiation may become so intense that life on Earth will not be able to continue and flourish. One billion years may seem like a long time, but we know that life on Earth dates back to more than 3 billion years ago. According to some researchers, when the sun becomes a red giant, the earth will evaporate; This may happen millions of years after the destruction of Mercury and Venus. All the rocks, fossils, and remains of the creatures that lived on Earth will be trapped in the cruel clutches of the sun and dragged into the abyss of destruction. All traces of human existence on earth will be destroyed. But not all scientists agree with this interpretation. Some speculate that it will not continue to grow until the sun completely surrounds our planet. Some other scientists have come up with a plan to gradually direct the Earth’s orbit around the distant parts of the solar system. Fortunately, this debate is still purely theoretical and academic.

The young sun’s radiation was so intense for Mars that the planet could not have an atmosphere that could protect complex life. Recent evidence, however, suggests that Mars has water beneath its surface. Mars may escape the sun, but when the red giant takes over the entire solar system, all the water on the planet will disappear.

Red Giant

Gas giant planets
As soon as the sun catches the inner planets of the solar system in its angry grip, some of the material of these planets will most likely be thrown into the inner parts of the solar system. However, the border of our star will also evaporate Saturn’s lovely rings, which are made of ice. Probably the same fate awaits the planets with icy oceans; Like Jupiter’s moon “Europe” and Saturn’s moon Enceladus.

Will there be a new habitable zone?
As soon as the Sun becomes a red giant, Pluto and its relatives in the Kuiper Belt (plus Neptune’s “Triton”) may become the most valuable location in the solar system. Today, these objects contain a lot of ice and complex organic matter. Some of them may have icy oceans below their surface. Perhaps some of them have had such oceans in the past. But surface temperatures on dwarf planets like Pluto reach hundreds of degrees below zero, eliminating the possibility of life on them.  Becoming a red giant, the temperature on Pluto will reach almost the average temperature on Earth today. “My colleagues and I examined the possibility of life in the outer solar system after the sun entered the red giant phase in an article published in the 2003 issue of the journal Astrobiology.” According to Mr. Stern, there are currently approximately one billion red giant stars in the Milky Way galaxy. Therefore, living beings have many options for evolution and prosperity.

Star formation

Particles called solar winds sometimes hit the earth at a speed of 1.6 million kilometers per hour. Fortunately, the Earth’s magnetic field deflects the strongest solar winds, and only a stream of heat penetrates the Earth’s atmosphere. Sometimes the color representation of these winds can be seen in the form of north and south aurorae, which appear with the dance of solar particles in the earth’s magnetic poles. The earth is currently in a good position relative to the sun; But according to new research, the earth’s magnetic field will not last forever, and as the sun approaches the end of its life, the solar winds will become stronger. A team of astronomers is calculating the density of the solar wind and its evolution over the next five billion years, according to a July 21 study published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. At this time, the sun’s hydrogen fuel will run out and the star will become a giant red giant. Then the solar winds will be strong enough to completely destroy the earth’s magnetic field. Then the Earth’s atmosphere will disappear and the Earth will not be safe from the rays of harmful stars

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