Types of boating

Types of boating

Sports

Types of boating

Types of boating Different sailing disciplines, rowing competitions Different sailing disciplines Calm water One of the two Olympic disciplines is the large rowing family. Calm Water 1 is divided into two disciplines: Canadian canoeing and kayaking, which are common in terms of competition rules.
Canoe boat P is a very narrow boat without a rudder. The athlete kneels in it and paddles only to one side. The rowing paddle has a paddle and on the other side, it has a T-handle that the boatman holds.

A kayak is also a narrowboat that is steered by a rudder and the boatman sits in it and paddles with the movements of his hands and waist. The kayak paddle has wings on both sides.
In calm water competitions, boaters compete in a specific route with special signs at different distances of 1000, 500, and 200 meters.
In this course, competitions with distances of more than 1000 Types of boating meters with two turning points and two straight routes are also held. In fact, the goal of this sport is rowing at designated distances at the highest possible speed.

Calm water competitions were introduced in the 1936 Olympic program and have continued to this day. The calm waters themselves include twelve competitions in the Olympics, which are: single kayak, double kayak, four-person kayak, single-person canoe, and double-row canoe 1000 meters and five hundred meters, and single kayak, double kayak, respectively. And a four-person kayak five hundred meters for women.
In addition to the Olympics, the World Championships of the International Federation are held every year in the adult category and once every two years in the junior category for men and women.

Slalom is another Olympic

Slalom is another Olympic rowing discipline.
In slalom, the skill and strength of athletes in roaring waters is a determining factor in competitions. In this race, the athlete must adjust his speed according to the gates marked in the path. Therefore, hitting or losing one or more gates for an athlete is a crime. In a way that the negative score of such crimes is added to the time of athletes.

Athletes must complete a specified distance within a specified time interval with the shortest possible time and without error. If athletes hit one or both goalposts, two seconds will be added and if they do not cross a goal, 50 seconds will be added to their time.

The slalom track is designed for natural or man-made rivers at distances of 250 and 600 meters, with boaters moving counterclockwise as they cross the gates. These competitions are held in a single kayak, single canoe, and double canoe for men, and single kayak for women.

The slalom was first held at the 1972 Munich Olympics, then re-entered the Olympics with a 20-year delay and was held in Barcelona, ​​Atlanta, Sydney, Athens, and Beijing; It is hoped that it will continue in the next Olympics.

Roaring waters

Different sailing disciplines, rowing competitions

Natural river slopes are still a way to enjoy the spectacular heights of Types of boating. The course of this sport is different and includes a set of natural obstacles.

In fact, competitions in this field test the individual skills of the athlete. In these competitions, single kayak disciplines are held for men and women, and single and double canoe disciplines are held only for men. For these competitions, there is the classic discipline and the speed discipline, where the speed discipline is performed in two distances of 400 and 800 meters, and also the athlete in the classical discipline must cover the maximum distance in less than 30 minutes. The start of the roaring water race, like the slalom, is individual.
The first World Roaring Championships were held in 1959 in France.

Canoe polo

Different sailing disciplines, rowing competitions

Canoe polo is like an exciting and spectacular football in which two teams try to put the ball into each other’s goal on a water field that resembles a water polo field.
The sport dates back to the 1930s when European rowers turned the sport into a fun ball game by sitting in a boat and throwing the ball to each other.

Canoe polo boats are 3 meters long, covered from front and back with protective materials (shock absorbers). Each Canoe polo team has five players, one of whom is a goalkeeper.
The dimensions of the field of this field are 35 meters long and 23 meters wide; Also, the gates are 1×5 / 1.5 meters, the lower edge of the gates is 2 meters away from the water level.

Sailing

Sailing is a very old discipline and has a long history. In 1520, a person named Ferdinand Damagelan 6 used this type of boat in the Pacific Ocean.
Boats with a sail of 10 square meters are accepted by the World Sailing Federation and its world competitions are held every three years.

Turing

Different sailing disciplines, rowing competitions

Turing’s non-competitive but attractive discipline provides a wide range Types of boating of opportunities for participants to explore the beaches along with the tourist attractions and entertainment.
The most famous of these disciplines is John McGregor, a Scottish jurist who designed the boat on his own.

Dragon Boot
Dragon boot or dragon boat is a team sport and usually, 22 people are present in the boat; One drummer or drummer who uniforms the rhythm of rowing among athletes by drumming, twenty rowers who are divided into two groups of 10 people left and right; A helmsman who is in charge of steering and commanding the boat.

Dragon boot has no place in the Olympics, and its most important competitions are intercontinental competitions, cups, and world tournaments.

The sport of sailing requires determination and perseverance. To succeed in this sport, you must devote a lot of time to it.
Types of sailing disciplines
All boats are propelled by the oar and the muscular force of the rowing person and are divided into two parts according to the type of movement and the oar in which they are used, which work under the cover of two separate organs.

The first part is canoeing, which is under the auspices of the I.C.F. World Sailing Federation, which includes the following committees:
1) Calm water committee (speed races on the track).
2) Slalom Committee (spiral) and roaring waters.
3) Marathon Committee.
4) Canopolo Committee.
5) Sailing Committee.
6) Turing Committee.
The second part is rowing, which is under the supervision of the World Rowing Federation.

Calm Water Committee

▪ Canoeing:
1) Calm Water Committee (Speed ​​Races on the Track)
– Speed ​​competitions that are held on the track (stagnant water without waves).
– The dimensions of the speed track are such that its length is at least 2500 meters, its width is at least 90 meters and its depth is at least 2 meters.
– The difference in altitude of the track from the surface of the high seas should not be large, because athletes suffer from respiratory problems.
– At the end of the track, a multi-story building where the judges are located is needed, and also at the end of the track, there should be a straight road on land and parallel to the track.
– At the beginning of the starting line, there are small moving docks called Types of boating Pantone, which at the beginning of the race, the ends of the boats touch these docks.
– Speed ​​competitions are held in three distances of 200 meters, 500 meters, and 1000 meters, and the distances of 500 meters and 1000 meters must be done in a straight line.

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